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One of the most common mistakes that people today make is that they believe that Greece and Cyprus the same country. If you take a closer look at the characteristics of these countries you will know why.
Are Greece and Cyprus the same country?
Cyprus is a country where human activity was recorded as early as 10.000 B.C. The specific location and climate allowed people to thrive on this island. The first humans who lived there were gatherers and hunters. Back in 8200 B.C., they have started creating village communities. There is also evidence of significant human activity during Neolithic and Bronze Age periods. The late Bronze Age is important because this was the time when the first Greek settlers arrived. It was the Mycenaean Greek traders that came first here after the fall of their state. Ever since then, Cyprus became an important part of the Greek history. It is worth mentioning that Alexander the Great conquered this island in 333 B.C. and after his death, Cyprus was part of the Hellenistic empire of Ptolemaic Egypt.
Cyprus was leased to the British Empire in 1878 and it was under British rule until 1960 when Cyprus became independent. The Zurich and London Agreement signed in 1960 by Turkey, Greece and the UK secured the independence of this country. At that time, 77% of the population were Greeks, 18% Turks and almost 5% others. There were 573,566 people who lived in Cyprus in 1960. But, this plan didn’t work well because many Greek Cypriots and Turkish Cypriots were dissatisfied with the constitution and laws. This revolt was especially present in Greek Cypriots who believed that the Turkish Cypriots have too many rights given their number. The President of Cyprus Archbishop Makarios III suggested constitutional changes and the Turkish Cypriots and the state of Turkey rejected them right away.
After three years of tensions, the island of Cyprus witnessed intercommunal violence. The conflict started after the killing of 2 Turkish Cypriots by the Greek Cypriot police. The aftermath of this violence was – 174 Greek Cypriot fatalities, 364 Turkish Cypriot fatalities and displacement of around 30,000 Turkish Cypriots. The authorities formed a Green Line that separated the island and UN send troops to calm the situation. After a few months, Turkey revealed their plans to invade Cyprus, but the plan postponed until 1974.
It is interesting that even though the number of people living in Cyprus is increased, the ethnic composition remains the same as the one from 1960 – 77% Greek Cypriots, 18% Turkish Cypriots and other 5%. According to the International Crisis Group, there are 1,1 million people in Cyprus. Almost 300,000 of them live in the north (Turkish controlled) part.
Similarities & Relationships
The fact is that Cyprus and Greece have many things in common. First of all, they are sharing the same history at least until the 19th century. Furthermore, they are using the same language – Greek. However, the people in Cyprus are speaking a distinctive dialect and it takes some effort for Greek speakers to recognize it. As you have probably guessed, the residents of Greece and Cyprus are following the same religion – Orthodox Christianity. Even the cuisine of these two countries is similar. Turkish and Mediterranean cuisine influenced the Greek cuisine just as the Cypriot cuisine, but each of them has unique elements. In any case, people can expect to find many similar dishes like kebabs, tzatziki sauce, moussaka, baklava and more.
So are Greece and Cyprus the same country?
As we said before, Greece and Cyprus have extensive cultural and educational relations. But the two countries are not identical. The relationship between these two countries can be described as strong which is quite natural because of the similarities we have pointed out above. Both Greece and Cyprus are members of the European Union. They have strong cultural and educational cooperation too.